Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt (1858-1919), African Expedition

Discussion in 'Hunting Africa' started by monish, Jul 25, 2010.

  1. monish

    monish AH Elite

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    Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt (1858-1919), African Safari & Scientific Expedition (April 21, 1909 to March 14, 1910)

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    Theodore Roosevelt in Africa in his hunting costume

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    Theodore Roosevelt, the safari expedition

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    Theodore Roosevelt, the great white hunter

    “The hunter who wanders through these lands sees sights which ever afterward remain fixed in his mind... Apart from this, yet mingled with it, is the strong attraction of the silent places, of the large tropic moons, and the splendor of the new stars; where the wanderer sees the awful glory of sunrise and sunset in the wide waste spaces of the earth, unworn of man, and changed only by the slow change of the ages through time everlasting.”
    Col. Theodore Roosevelt in Khartoum, March 15, 1910

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    Map of safari expedition

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    Map of safari expedition

    Theodore Roosevelt - African Safari & Scientific Expedition
    Of the rifles, he chose the 1895 lever-action in 30-03 U.S. as well as a .405 Winchester and both were the highlighted calibers for his African Expedition. Theodore Roosevelt ended up having 15 wooden crates full of Winchesters rifles, ammunition and spare parts for his expedition from Winchester Reapeating Arms Co.

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    Some of Theodore Roosevelt baggage and equipment for safari expedition

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    Theodore Roosevelt on the bank of the nile arranging transport

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    Theodore Roosevelt, porters at the start of the expedition

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    Theodore Roosevelt inspecting rifle with Kermit Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt with Kermit Roosevelt in Kenya

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    The camping ground at Wapiti Plains in East Africa, Kenya

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    Theodore Roosevelt in front of his tent

    Expedition Members
    Newland & Tarlton, outfitters
    R.J. Cunninghame, leader
    Leslie J. Tarlton, adjutant
    Edmund Heller, zoologist, age 34
    J. Alden Loring, zoologist, age 38
    Edgar A. Means, physician, age 52
    Kermit Roosevelt, photographer, age 21
    Theodore Roosevelt, bwana, age 50

    Hunting Licenses
    50gbp, 50 animals/hunter
    17gbp, extra bull elephant
    5gbp, extra giraffe, rhino, or eland
    3gbp, extra antelope
    2gbp, extra wildebeest
    2gbp, extra waterbuck

    Expedition Costs
    $50,000 from Smithsonian Museum appeal
    $25,000 from Theodore Roosevelt
    $25,000 from Andrew Carnegie
    2005 equivalent = appx. $1.8 million dollars

    Game List
    • Lion = 9
    • Hyena = 5
    • Elephant = 8
    • Rhinoceros = 5 (square mouth)
    • Rhinoceros = 8 (hook lipped)
    • Hippopotamus = 7
    • Warthog = 8
    • Zebra (common) = 15
    • Zebra (big) = 5
    • Giraffe = 7
    • Buffalo = 6
    • Eland (giant) = 1
    • Eland (common) = 5
    • Bushbuck =2 (East African)
    • Bushbuck = 1 (Ugandan)
    • Bushbuck = 3 (Nile)
    • Roan = 4
    • Oryx = 10
    • Wildebeest = 5
    • Hartebeest = 10 (Coke's)
    • Hartebeest = 14 (Jackson's)
    • Hartebeest = 1 (Ugandan)
    • Hartebeest = 8 (Nilotic)
    • Topi = 12
    • Waterbuck = 5 (common)
    • Waterbuck = 6 (singsing)
    • Python = 3
    • Kob = 10 (common)
    • Kob = 1 (Vaughan's)
    • Kob = 3 (white eared)
    • Lechwe = 3 (saddlebacked)
    • Redbuck (bohor) = 10
    • Buck (Chanler's) = 3
    • Impalla = 7
    • Gazelle (Granti) = 5
    • Gazelle (Robertsi) = 4
    • Gazelle (Notata) = 8
    • Gazelle = 11 (Thompson's)
    • Gerenuk = 3
    • Klipspringer = 1
    • Oribi = 18
    • Duiker = 3
    • Steinbuck = 4
    • Dikdik = 1
    • Monkey = 1 (red ground)
    • Monkey = 5 (black and white ground)
    • Ostrich = 2
    • Bustard (Greater) = 4
    • Bustard (Lesser) = 1
    • Crane (kavirondo) = 2
    • Stork (whale head) = 1
    • Marabou = 1
    • Stork (saddle bill) = 2
    • Stork (ibis) = 1
    • Pelican = 5
    • Guinea fowl = 1
    • Crocodile = 1

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    Theodore Roosevelt on the Wapiti Plains

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Kermit Roosevelt on the Kapiti plains

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    Theodore Roosevelt and the lion

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Kermit Roosevelt with elands

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    Black rhino

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    Shot rhino

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    Theodore Roosevelt with black rhino

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    Theodore Roosevelt and his prize rhino

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    Theodore Roosevelt with rhino and bustard

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    Theodore Roosevelt with rhino and bustard shot from rhino

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    Towing the hippo shot by Theodore Roosevelt

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    Dragging hippo out of the water

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    Landing the hippo shot by Theodore Roosevelt

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    Rolling out the hippo

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    The dead hippo

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    Theodore Roosevelt with hippo and bwana Engozi (Judd)

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    Theodore Roosevelt, towing the big bull hippo, Lake Naivasha

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    Bringing the big bull hippo to shore

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    Theodore Roosevelt big bull hippo

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    Theodore Roosevelt and naturalist looking for the bullet in the hippo's skull

    In March 1909, shortly after the end of his presidency, Roosevelt left New York for a safari in east and central Africa. Roosevelt's party landed in Mombasa, British East Africa (now Kenya), traveled to the Belgian Congo (now Democratic Republic of the Congo) before following the Nile up to Khartoum in modern Sudan. Financed by Andrew Carnegie and by his own proposed writings, Roosevelt's party hunted for specimens for the Smithsonian Institution and for the American Museum of Natural History in New York. The group included scientists from the Smithsonian and was led by the legendary hunter-tracker R.J. Cunninghame and was joined from time to time by Frederick Selous, the famous big game hunter and explorer. Among other items, Roosevelt brought with him four tons of salt for preserving animal hides, a lucky rabbit's foot given to him by boxer John L. Sullivan, an elephant-rifle donated by a group of 56 admiring Britons, and the famous Pigskin Library, a collection of classics bound in pig leather and transported in a single reinforced trunk.

    All told, Roosevelt and his companions killed or trapped over 11,397 animals, from insects and moles to hippopotamuses and elephants. These included 512 big game animals, including six rare white rhinos. The expedition consumed 262 of the animals. Tons of salted animals and their skins were shipped to Washington; the quantity was so large that it took years to mount them all, and the Smithsonian was able to share many duplicate animals with other museums.

    Regarding the large number of animals taken, Roosevelt said, "I can be condemned only if the existence of the National Museum, the American Museum of Natural History, and all similar zoological institutions are to be condemned." However, although the safari was ostensibly conducted in the name of science, there was another, quite large element to it as well. Along with many native peoples and local leaders, interaction with renowned professional hunters and land owning families made the safari as much a political and social event, as it was a hunting excursion. Roosevelt wrote a detailed account of the adventure in the book African Game Trails, where he describes the excitement of the chase, the people he met, and the flora and fauna he collected in the name of science.

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    Theodore Roosevelt, first elephant camp, Kenia

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    The first bull elephant

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    Camping after death of the first bull elephant

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    Theodore Roosevelt with elephant

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    Theodore Roosevelt and bull elephant shot at Meru

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    Measuring elephant

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    Theodore Roosevelt, bringing the skull of my second bull

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    Theodore Roosevelt, Kermit Roosevelt and Sir Alfred Pease at the carcass of first big lion

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Kermit Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt and buffalo cow in papyrus grass

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    Kermit Roosevelt and his big lion

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    Kermit Roosevelt and the leopard

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    Tarlton and cheetah shot by Kermit Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt big lion and Tarlton

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Cuninghame discussing the next few days' march over a wildebeest shot by Mr. Roosevelt

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    A large American flag was floating over my own tent, Theodore Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Medlicott at the spot for the first day of lion hunt

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    Noon at Ugami, Sir Alfred Pease bending over behind Theodore Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt weighing a lioness shot by him

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    Theodore Roosevelt, stopping for luncheon at Bondoni rocks

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    Heads of two big lions shot by Theodore Roosevelt

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    Kermit Roosevelt and cheetah shot by him

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    The old bull giraffe and Heller's Wkamba skinners

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    A young bull giraffe shot by Theodore Roosevelt at Kilimakiu

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    A zebra shot by Theodore Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt, Captain Slatter and rhino shot by Mr. Roosevelt

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    One of the Black Rhinos

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    Rhino of the usual type with prehensile lip, shot in the Sotik by Theodore

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    Male square-nosed rhino shot by Kermit Roosevelt

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    Cow square-nosed rhino of the Lado shot by Theodore Roosevelt

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    The great square-nosed rhino of the Lado

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    Theodore Roosevelt and some of the Nandi warriors

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    Theodore Roosevelt at Mother Paul's Mission

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Charles Hurlburt of the Africa Inland Mission

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    Theodore Roosevelt Rhino camp, lado Enclave

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    Theodore Roosevelt on a situtunga hunt

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    Theodore Roosevelt, camp in thorn grove by Guaso Nyero

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    Theodore Roosevelt, my boma when I was camped alone

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    Theodore Roosevelt, Governernor Jackson, Mr. Selous and Mr. Mearns

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    Theodore Roosevelt, porters dancing when breaking camp in Kamiti

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    Theodore Roosevelt, the safari fording a stream

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    A domesticated young male eland at Meru

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    Theodore Roosevelt with a whale-billed stork at Lake No

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    Theodore Roosevelt with Masai warriors and prize lion

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    Theodore Roosevelt with two big leopards

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    Kermit Roosevelt first giant eland shot on the Redjaf trip

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    Lion shot by Kermit Roosevelt

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    Theodore Roosevelt with kob, shot at rhino camp

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    Theodore Roosevelt, skinning an antilope

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    Heller preparing to send heads of the first five weeks

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    Porters returning at the end of the expedition


    Monish
  2. monish

    monish AH Elite

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    The Expedition Team
    R.J. Cunninghame, leader
    Leslie J. Tarlton, adjutant
    Edmund Heller, zoologist, age 34
    J. Alden Loring, zoologist, age 38
    Edgar A. Means, physician, age 52
    Kermit Roosevelt, photographer, age 21
    Theodore Roosevelt, bwana, age 50

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    Cuninghame, Kermit, Theodore Roosevelt, Heller and Heatley at Buffalo Camp


    Monish
  3. dharding

    dharding AH Member

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    Teddy Roosevelt

    Interrestingly, Wilbur Smith's most recent novel 'Assegai' features some fictional tales of the Roosevelt trip. Fascinating read.
  4. Bicholui

    Bicholui AH Member

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    Monish Congratulations!!

    Superb
  5. monish

    monish AH Elite

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    Theodore Roosevelt specimens at the National Museum of Natural History

    Thanks my friend...

    Monish


    Theodore Roosevelt specimens at the National Museum of Natural History

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  6. Bicholui

    Bicholui AH Member

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    Safari Cost

    How much money will it cost this safari today? More than a million dollar? :confused:
  7. monish

    monish AH Elite

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    It was estimated to 1.8 million $ in 2005 should be 3.0 million $ today my friend......

    Monish
  8. Bicholui

    Bicholui AH Member

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    You know what!! I would pay
  9. monish

    monish AH Elite

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    Great !!! Plan a safari ........ You have to look out for a outfitter who could cater to such a lavish expedition ....
  10. AfricaHunting.com

    AfricaHunting.com FOUNDER AH Ambassador

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    Thanks Monish for all of these pictures and taking the time to prepare such wonderful post.









    Last edited by a moderator: Apr 28, 2014
  11. AfricaHunting.com

    AfricaHunting.com FOUNDER AH Ambassador

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    Theodore Roosevelt and Africa

    Theodore Roosevelt and Africa
    Excerpt from Natural history, Volume 19 By American Museum of Natural History

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    African Game Trails, An Account of the African Wanderings of an American Hunter-Naturalist. Ex-President and explorer Theodore Roosevelt recalls in his journal of a hunting trip in Africa the many animals he stalked and killed for the Smithsonian institution, and his meetings with East Africans.

    View the entire excerpt at theodore-roosevelt-and-africa.pdf.

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    The dead tusker

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    Theodore Roosevelt's First African Article

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    Roosevelt in Africa

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    Teddy in the African Jungle

    View the entire excerpt at theodore-roosevelt-and-africa.pdf.

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