The distinctly coloured and horned dwarf (or red) forest buffalo is more typically found in the rainy forests of West Africa (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, southern Cameroon), as well as south-west C.A.R., Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, even Angola – but not Ethiopia.
In 1974, resident hunters in Ethiopia heard rumours of a red forest buffalo in the south-west forests of Kaffa Province. PH Nassos Roussos was successful in taking one. He saw them again while guiding for elephant in the 1980s, but no other hunter ever collected one. It was also never determined which buffalo species this actually is.